Cerebral palsy is one of the most common congenital disorders of childhood. It is a disorder that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. Here are some introduction about the types and causes of cerebral palsy in the following.
Types of cerebral palsy
There are three main types of cerebral palsy, which include:
• Spastic cerebral palsy — causes stiffness and movement difficulties
• Athetoid cerebral palsy — leads to involuntary and uncontrolled movements
• Ataxic cerebral palsy — causes a disturbed sense of balance and depth perception
All types of cerebral palsy affect muscle control or coordination, so even such simple movements as standing still are difficult. Other vital functions that also involve motor skills and muscles, such as breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating, and learning, may also be affected when a child has cerebral palsy.
Causes of Cerebral Palsy
The exact causes of most cases of cerebral palsy are unknown, but many are resulted from problems during pregnancy in which the brain is either damaged or doesn’t develop normally. This can be due to:
• Maternal health problems
• A genetic disorder
• Something that interferes with normal brain development
Brain damage that leads to cerebral palsy can also be caused during the first 3 to 5 years of a child’s life. A baby or toddler might suffer this damage as a result of:
• Lead poisoning
• Bacterial meningitis
• Being shaken as an infant
• Being in a car accident while not properly restrained
The brain damage that leads to cerebral palsy can also lead to other health issues, including vision, hearing, and speech problems, and learning disabilities.
There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but treatment, therapy, special equipment, and, in some cases, surgery can help a child who is living with the condition. We have been in this area for many years with rich experience and professional expertise. For more information, please visit us.