“Stem cell transplants ‘have patients with type 1 diabetes of insulin injections'” The news papers have said. The news after research that volunteers to go, on average, for two and a half years without using the daily injections needed to handle their . A simple study involved 23 patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes was done, a condition in which the immune system can rapidly damage the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. These stem cell transplants apparently work by resetting the immune system so that the body can stop targeting the pancreas. The scientists on their own say that this treatment can only be chosen when the condition is caught early enough (within six or seven weeks of investigation), before the pancreas has been irreversibly harmed and before any complications from very high blood glucose have developed. The study provides another method for research, but this treatment is still at an early step of development and does come with some complications and dangers. Dr. Frame, research director of Diabetes UK, has emphasized that “this is not a treatment for type 1 diabetes”. Diabetes occurs due to the fact the body can’t use glucose correctly, due to either weak functioning or the lack of the hormone insulin. Today it affects 1:20 adults worldwide. Cord blood stem cells are naive, un-programmed cells that have the capability to grow into different kinds of tissue including those necessary for treating diabetes.